Incorporation of company in India

A Company comes into existence when a group of people come together with a view of forming an association to exploit the business opportunities by bringing together human resources, financial resources and managerial resources.
Company is a separate & distinct legal entity, which permits a group of people, as stakeholders, to apply to the government for an independent organization to be created, which can then focus on pursuing set objectives, and vested with legal rights such as to sue and be sued in its own name, own property, hire employees or loan and borrow money.
As you move into the new house, first, there is a huge process of “getting used to” – which is anyway usual for any such shifting. But the biggest issue is – we get to realize several shortcomings that we did not realize until we shifted. This might include silly things such as an electric point that we missed, or a water outlet that is not working, and so on. In case of the new house, all these are our own follies, or those of the architect – so we go ahead and get them fixed. In case of the new Act – the fixing process is the long trail of amending the law, and in the meantime, you have the 6-months-in-jail staring at you all the time!

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Dormant Companies Under Companies Act

This is a new initiative of Ministry of Corporate Affairs to introduce the concept of Dormant Companies, as it was not there in Companies Act, 1956 , whereby Companies which are not carrying on any significant accounting transaction for a period of two years can apply to Registrar of Companies for getting declared itself as Dormant Companies. In today’s economic environment, a lot of Companies are formed for the purpose of holding any assets particularly real assets or any IPR or for a future project and such Company just keeps on complying with the laws even if no actual business is being done or transacted.  Another name for this concept can be Asset Shielding Concept Under Companies Act 2013 as a Dormant Company offers excellent advantage to the promoters who want to hold an asset or intellectual property under the corporate shield for its usage at a later stage.

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Law Relating To Section 8 Companies (Non-Profit Organisation)

INTRODUCTION Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 provides for a mechanism through which an Association can be registered as a Company, if such association is formed for promoting commerce, art, science, religion or any other useful object and intends to apply its profits/income in promoting its objects. The objective of this provision is to […]

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Board of Directors : Powers, Roles & Responsibilities

Meeting: Important Deadlines

Every Company shall hold the first meeting of the Board of Directors within thirty days of the date of its incorporation except in case of One Person Company and shall hold a minimum number of four meetings of its Board of Directors every year in such a manner that not more than One hundred and twenty days shall intervene between two consecutive meetings of the Board.

One Person Company , Small Companies and Dormant Companies are required to conduct one meeting in each half of the Calendar year and the gap between the two meetings should not be less than Ninety days.

Quorum and Adjournment provisions

The quorum for a meeting of the Board of Directors of a company as prescribed by Section 174 of the Companies Act 2013 shall be one third of its total strength or two directors, whichever is higher, but if the Articles of Association of a Company prescribe a higher strength of Quorum, then the requirements of the Quorum shall be subject to the Articles of Association. The participation of the directors by video conferencing or by other audio visual means shall also be counted for the purposes of quorum and if a meeting of the board could not be held for want of quorum, then, unless the articles of the company otherwise provide, the meeting shall automatically stand adjourned to the same day at the same time and place in the next week or if that day is a national holiday, till the next succeeding day, which is not a national holiday, at the same time and place.

The quorum should be ascertained before start the meeting for valid transaction of the business to be discussed at the meeting. And any fraction of a number shall be rounded off & deemed as one and Quorum shall be present not only at the time of commencement of the Meeting but also while transacting business.

Director shall not be counted for Quorum in respect of an item in which he is interested and he shall not be present, whether physically or through Electronic Mode, during discussions and voting on such item.

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Incorporation of Section 8 Company (Non-profit organisation)

The concept of non-profit making company is quite old in India. In erstwhile Companies Act, 1956 it was regulated by Section 25 and that is why it was popular as Section 25 Company. However in Companies Act 2013 provisions related to non-profit making company are given in Section 8 read with Rule 19 and 20 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014. Such organization can be registered as trusts, societies, or as a non-profit company incorporated under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013.

This article is meant for providing information regarding the procedures and process for incorporation of a non-profit making company as given in Section 8 read with Rule 19 and 20 of Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014.

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